Our free day in Mestia allows for a ride to Ushguli, a small community situated at the head of the Enguri gorge. As an altitude of 6900 ft, Ushguli is the highest inhabited settlement in Europe. The village includes typical Svaneti “tower houses”, distinctive stone structures which are built for defence as well as for habitation. The Ushguli Chapel, located on a hilltop near the village, dates back to the 12th century and contains religious artwork from that period. In Mestia, there is an excellent museum that should not be missed: The Svaneti Museum of History and Ethnography. This museum contains illuminated manuscripts, icons and other antiquities from Svaneti churches. Some of the archeological displays are from the 3rd century BC and the manuscripts are from the 9th – 18th centuries.